Sunday, February 17, 2019

Cardiac Surgery FAQs

1. What is Coronary Angiography?

Angiography is a specialized X-ray study of the blood vessels of the heart. It is a gold standard diagnostic test to detect blockage or narrowing of the heart blood vessels.

2. Why do I need Coronary Angiogram?

Your cardiologist may suggest you this procedure if you have symptoms of coronary artery disease – such as chest pain(angina), if you have suffered from heart attack, heart valve problem, congenital heart disease( a heart defect which was present at birth) or heart failure.

3. How is this procedure done?

It is done by a unique technique known as cardiac catheterization in a specialized operating theatre known as the Cath Lab. A long flexible tube (catheter) is inserted into the blood vessel of the groin or arm. The catheter is moved up within the artery till it reaches the heart. A special dye is injected and multiple X- ray images (angiograms) are taken.

Our specialized team of doctors has been performing this procedure regularly in our state of the art Cath Lab.

4. What happens when I come to the hospital for the procedure?

Our specialized and highly experienced team of cardiologists will describe in detail about the procedure to you and your family. For convenience, please carry your previous medical reports with you.

5. Will I be awake during the procedure?

Yes, you will be. The specialized test is done under local anaesthesia. It is a comfortable test and you will not feel any pain or discomfort.

6. How long will the procedure take?

The test will take 30 minutes to 1 hour, though it can vary depending on the case.

7. Do I have to be admitted in the hospital prior to the procedure?

No, you need not. This highly specific test can be done on outpatient basis and admission is not required.

8. What happens after the test?

After the test you will be moved to the recovery area to recuperate and rest for approximately four to six hours. The interventional cardiologist will explain to you the result of the test in detail. Depending on which you will be advised to go home or stay in the hospital for further evaluation

9. Are there any side effects or complications of the procedure?

Usually the side effects are minor such as bleeding and infection. Serious complications are rare, but can occur sometimes.

10. What is an Angioplasty?

It is a procedure to open and widen the blocked and narrowed heart blood vessels. It is also known as Percutaneous Trans luminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)

11. When is the procedure done?

Depending upon the blockage in the arteries it can be carried out simultaneously with angiography.

12. How is angioplasty done?

During the procedure a small balloon is gently inflated in the artery and a stent is placed to keep the artery open.

13. What post care should I follow after angioplasty?

Your doctor will prescribe you the medication at the time of discharge and guide you about the wound care. A few days of rest is advisable and you can gradually return to your daily activities as directed by your doctor.

14. What is CABG?

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (commonly known as Bypass) is a procedure where blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart is improved by forming a new route or bypass around the narrowed or clogged arteries.

15. What tests are required before the procedure?

You will require routine blood investigations, ECG, chest X – ray, Echo and any other investigation which your doctor advises.

16. Will I be awake in the operation theatre?

No, you will be unconscious during the entire surgery.

17. What should I expect after the procedure?

You will wake up in the postoperative Intensive Care Unit (ICU). You will be having IV lines, breathing tube in your throat and chest tubes. Your heart rate, BP and pulse will be monitored. The breathing tube is usually taken out after 24 hours. Our ICU is fully equipped with round the clock superior nursing care.

18. When will I be able to walk?

You will be able to walk using support a day after the surgery. Gradually your physical activity will increase day by day. The physiotherapist of our hospital will teach you postoperative exercises.

19. Can my family be with me during the hospital stay?

Yes, your family is welcome to accompany you till the time you are taken up for surgery. After which they can wait in the lounge where they will be updated about the progress of the surgery.

20. When can I go home?

You will mostly be discharged after a week from the hospital as per your doctor’s instructions.

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Patiala Heart Institute
2, Jagdish Marg,
Phone: 0175-2308030-31

Patiala Heart Institute
Phone: 0175-2308030-31
Ambulance: 8195881234

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