Sunday, February 17, 2019

Cardiac FAQs

1. What is heart attack?

Heat attack occurs when blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot. It is also called Myocardial Infarction (MI) and is a medical emergency which should be treated without any delay.

2. What are the symptoms of heart attack?

  • Chest pain or discomfort at the center of the chest
  • Pain in the left arm and shoulder, neck, jaw or back
  • Sweating
  • Feeling of weakness or dizziness
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Nausea or vomiting

3. Can a heart attack occur even without any symptoms?

Yes, it can, it is known as ‘Silent MI’.

4. What are the risk factors for a heart disease?

According to American Heart Association the major risk factors are:

  • Age: More than 65 years
  • Men have a higher risk than women
  • Positive family history
  • Cigarette smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Overweight
  • Diabetes

5. What is Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)?

When the blood vessels (called coronary arteries) which supply blood and oxygen to the heart are narrowed it causes CAD, which can also cause a heart attack.

6. What is high blood pressure or hypertension?

It is a disorder in which the pressure in the arteries is persistently high.

7. How to reduce high blood pressure?

Lead an active lifestyle, don’t be a couch potato!
Opt for low salt diet, maintain appropriate weight, and avoid alcohol intake and smoking.

8. What is heat murmur?

It is the sound made by blood circulating through heart chambers and valves. These can be heard via a stethoscope. A heart murmur can occur in various cardiac diseases. Depending upon the type of the murmur your cardiologist will guide you regarding further evaluation, if required.

9. What is Electrocardiogram (ECG)?

ECG is a non-invasive diagnostic test which measures and records the electrical activity of heart.

10. What is cardiac stress test (also known as treadmill test)?

It is used to diagnose coronary artery disease. During this test you will have to walk on a treadmill while the physician will regularly monitor your ECG, heart rate and blood pressure.

11. What is Echocardiogram?

It is commonly known as Echo. It is an extremely useful, non- invasive and painless test. It gives precise information about the heart structure, valves and the pumping capacity of the heart. It is a very comfortable test in which you have to lie on an examination table, a lubricating jelly is rubbed to the chest and a probe (like a thick blunt pen) is placed on the chest which picks up the cardiac activity.

12. What are healthy heart foods?

Oats, Almonds, Green leafy vegetables, Soy protein, Olive oil, Tomatoes, Whole grains( wheat, pulses), Tofu, Brown rice and Tuna.

13. What are the exercises to maintain a healthy heart?

  • Aerobic exercises for 20 -30 minutes daily, at least 3-4 times per week.
  • Remember to warm up prior to your exercise as well as cool down after it.
  • Gradually increase your activity level
  • According to Harvard Health Publication, Yoga does have beneficial effects on heart as well.
  • Most importantly, talk to your doctor so that you do not over exert yourself

14. How to increase physical activity?

  • Avoid using the escalator; instead use the ramp or stairs (as do most doctors in our Multi-Speciality hospital!).
  • Use a bicycle or walk instead of using a vehicle for short distances.
  • Make the weekends more productive- choose an outdoor activity with your friends or family.

15. Does stress contribute to cardiac disease?

Yes, it does. Stress can be emotional or physical. While it is not always easy to avoid stress but you can reduce it and try to maintain a positive attitude which will help you combat stress

Contact Info
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Patiala Heart Institute
2, Jagdish Marg,
Phone: 0175-2308030-31

Patiala Heart Institute
Phone: 0175-2308030-31
Ambulance: 8195881234

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